Journal of Soil, Plant and Environment <p style="margin-bottom: 0.14in;"><strong><span style="color: #333333;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span style="background: #ffffff;">Journal of Soil, Plant and Environment (ISSN: 2957-9082) </span></span></span></span></strong><span style="color: #333333;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span style="font-weight: normal;"><span style="background: #ffffff;">is an open peer-reviewed journal that considers articles and review articles on all aspects of agricultural sciences. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists, students, academics and engineers all over the world to promote, share, and discuss various new issues and developments in different areas of agricultural sciences. </span></span></span></span></span></p> en-US (Journal of Soil, Plant and Enviroment) (Dr. Izhar Ali) Fri, 15 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Pigeon Pea Green Manuring and Nitrogen Fertilization Increase Agronomic Efficiency by Improving Yield and Ear Characteristics of Maize <p>Green legume incorporation is an encouraging, at least unfinished, substitute for chemical fertilizers, particularly for nitrogen (N). The experiment was conducted in an RCB design with a split plot arrangement replicated four times. Pigeon pea green manuring (GM) of 3.4, 6.3 and 7.3 t ha<sup>-1</sup> at pre flowering (GM1), at flowering (GM2) and post flowering (GM3) were assigned to the main plots, respectively, and nitrogen levels (N) (0, 70, 100 and 130 kg N ha<sup>-1</sup>) were allotted to the subplots. Results showed that GM2 significantly improved plant height (183 cm) and leaf area (393.6 cm<sup>2</sup>). Whereas, GM1 significantly enhanced biological yield (9826 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>), grain yield (3500 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>), thousand grain weight (203.6 g), grain ear<sup>-1</sup>(319), ear length (18 cm) and ear diameter (11.4 cm) as compared to GM2. Similarly, nitrogen application at the rate of 130 kg ha<sup>-1</sup> resulted in taller plants, higher leaf area, thousand grain weight, biological and grain yields, harvest index, grains ear<sup>-1</sup>, ear height, length, weight and diameter than other N levels. The agronomic efficiency (AE) was significantly increased by 13.8 kg kg<sup>-1</sup> and 11.8 kg kg<sup>-1</sup> at GM1 and 70 kg N ha<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. It was concluded from the outcomes of the study that pigeon pea GM at pre flowering stage and 130 kg N ha<sup>-1</sup> improved maize crop production.</p> Haq Nawaz, Habib Akbar, Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Arif, Muhammad Riaz, Shahenshah, Muhammad Zuhair, Bismillah Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 07 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000