Sustainable Catalysis: Navigating Challenges and Embracing Opportunities for a Greener Future


  • Umair Habib Institute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland
  • Farooq Ahmad Institute of Molecular Physics Polish academy of sciences Poznan, Poland
  • Muhammad Awais Department of Physics, University of Okara, Pakistan
  • Namisa Naz Department of Chemistry, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Maira Aslam Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Malka Urooj School of Chemistry, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Anam Moqeem Department of Chemistry, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Hira Tahseen Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Aimen Waqar Department of Biochemistry, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Sajid Institute of Micro-Nano Optoelectronics, Optical Engineering, Shenzhen University, China
  • Muhammad Jamshaid Shabbir Centre of Excellence in Solid State Physics, University of the Punjab Lahore, Pakistan



Catalysis, Sustainable Chemistry, Green Chemistry, Catalyst recovery, Bio-inspired Catalyst


Catalysis plays a crucial role in sustainable chemistry, as demonstrated in this review article. The introduction highlights the importance of catalysis in sustainability and summarizes catalysis research. In this review, we discussed sustainable catalysis, including green chemistry, sustainable catalysis criteria, and catalytic reactions. These examples demonstrate CO2 conversion, alcohol dehydrogenation, alkene oxidation, and biomass-to-biofuel conversion using zeolites. This study also examines sustainable catalysis difficulties like stability, synthesis, design, recovery, reuse, scale-up, and commercialization. Sustainable catalysis can be achieved via bio-inspired catalysts, renewable energy sources, nano-catalysis methods, computational methods, and innovative catalysts developed for sustainable chemistry. This study also includes sustainable catalysis case studies for CO2, biomass, water treatment, and renewable energy conversion. The review finishes with sustainable catalysis research directions. These directions include studying metal-free catalysis, integrating catalysis with other sustainable fuel cell technologies, implementing sustainable catalysis in industry, and its environmental and societal impacts. The topic covers photocatalysis, heterogeneous catalysis, and electrocatalysis, highlighting their environmental and economic effects. This comprehensive study of sustainable catalysis shows its potential to transform chemical reactions while emphasizing environmental and social concerns, improving green chemistry.

Additional Files


DOI: 10.56946/jce.v2i2.205

How to Cite

Habib, U., Ahmad, F., Awais, M., Naz, N., Aslam, M., Urooj, M., Moqeem, A., Tahseen, H., Waqar, A., Sajid, M., & Shabbir, M. J. (2023). Sustainable Catalysis: Navigating Challenges and Embracing Opportunities for a Greener Future. Journal of Chemistry and Environment, 2(2), 14–53.



Review Article