The Problem of Charcoal Rot in Soybean, its Implications, and Approaches for Developing Resistant Varieties


  • Qaisar Khan College of Agriculture, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530004, China.
  • Ying Qin College of Agriculture, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530004, China.
  • Dao-Jun Guo College of Agriculture, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530004, China.



Macrophomina phaseolina, genomics, charcoal rot, QTLs, genome selection


Soybean is an annual legume with edible seeds. The soybean’s charcoal rot is one of the serious challenges faced in its cultivation regions, which brings severe production and economic losses. charcoal rot is the result of infection by the soil-borne fungus Macrophomina phaseolina. Though several researchers have made efforts to deal with soybean’s charcoal rot challenge, but at present, there are no soybean varieties in the market that are resistant to charcoal rot. The pathogen is thought to infect plants in their roots from contaminated soil, using unknown toxin-mediated processes. Conventional integrated approaches for managing charcoal rot in soybeans have been implemented in the field, but their efficacy is limited. So, developing soybean durable resistant varieties against M.phaseolina is the only solution to rescuing this crop. The potential approach is identifying new genetic sources and quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with resistance to charcoal rot in the resistant soybean population and conducting genome-wide association studies to increase understanding of underlying resistance mechanisms. The discovery of the genetic markers associated with resistance will contribute to charcoal rot resistance genotype selection for breeding programs in the future.


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DOI: 10.56946/jspae.v3i1.405

How to Cite

Khan, Q., Qin, Y., & Guo, D.-J. (2024). The Problem of Charcoal Rot in Soybean, its Implications, and Approaches for Developing Resistant Varieties. Journal of Soil, Plant and Environment, 3(1), 80–98.



Review Article